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Documenting Michif Variation


Language Michif
Depositor Olivia Sammons
Affiliation University of Alberta
Location Canada
Collection ID 0320
Grant ID IGS0151
Funding Body ELDP
Collection Status Collection online
Landing Page Handle


Summary of the collection

Michif, the language of the Métis, is a contact language integrating French and Algonquian (Cree, Ojibwe) elements. Varieties are found in Canada (Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan) and the United States (North Dakota, Montana). With no comprehensive grammar of any variety and fewer than 1,000 elderly speakers, Michif is both under-described and highly endangered. Previous studies have primarily focused on varieties spoken in Manitoba, while neglecting those found elsewhere. In collaboration with Métis community members across western Canada, this project aims to provide a more comprehensive and permanent record in the form of a culturally and scientifically relevant corpus of spoken Michif.


Group represented



Acknowledgement and citation

To refer to any data from the collection, please cite as follows:

Sammons, Olivia. 2015. Documenting Michif Variation. Endangered Languages Archive. Handle: Accessed on [insert date here].

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