The language of material culture in Baïnounk Gubëëher
|Affiliation||Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar|
|Collection Status||Collection online|
Summary of the deposit
Gubëëher is one of the three principal Baïnounk languages. This language group is spoken in the Casamance region of southern Senegal. Surviving in only one village with about 500 inhabitants, Gubëëher is threatened by rural exodus and concomitant shift to other languages, motivated by climate change and political unrest. Migration also has repercussions on the social organisation and language use in the village. Many cultural practices are rapidly changing, and with them the language linked, so that it is timely to document this knowledge now.
This collection aims to contain documentation on the language of material culture in Baïnounk Gubëëher, with a focus on linguistic and cultural practices.
The Baïnounk language area is characterised by a complex multilingual situation, and the different varieties are partly in contact with different languages. Depending on their location, rural speakers use two distinct varieties of the Atlantic language cluster Joola (Joola Fogny and Joola Kasa), sometimes additional Joola languages, and/or the Mande language Mandinka. These speakers are also fluent to some extent in the national lingua franca of Wolof, an Atlantic language, and many speak the official language French. In addition, a Portuguese-based Creole has left traces in the language. As a consequence, the Baïnounk communities exhibit extensive multilingualism as a systematic trait of entire speech communities. However, speakers of Baïnounk are not generally multilingual in more than one Baïnounk variety.
The deposit contains a total of 4 hours and 42 minutes of recorded footage. Of this there is 2 hours 9 minutes recorded in audio and 2 hours 33 minutes of video. 20 minutes of these recordings have been transcribed and translated from Gubaheer into French using ELAN.
Acknowledgement and citation
To refer to any data from the collection, please cite as follows:
Bèye, Amadou. 2012. The language of material culture in Baïnounk Gubëëher. London: SOAS University of London, Endagered Languages Archive. Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/2196/00-0000-0000-000E-38AC-3. Accessed on [insert date here].