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Documentation of Toratán (Ratahan)

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Language Ratahan
Depositor Anthony Jukes
Affiliation SOAS
Location Indonesia
Collection ID 0049
Grant ID IPF0087
Funding Body ELDP
Collection Status Collection online
Landing Page Handle


Summary of the collection

This collection consists of audio and video recordings of speakers of Toratán (Ratahan), spoken in North Sulawesi, Indonesia, resulting from fieldwork conducted between June 2005 and September 2007.


Group represented



Language information

Toratán, Bentenan, Pasan


Collection contents

The collection comprises over 120 audio and video files, as well as transcriptions of many of the recordings in the form of ELAN files.

Genres include personal history, elicitation, folk tales, and free conversation.


Other information

Toratán (Ratahan, also known as Pasan and Bentenan) is an isolated member of the Sangiric family. It is spoken fluently by only a few hundred people, all of advanced age. The language is giving way to Manado Malay and the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. Eight speakers of the Wioi and Wongkai dialects were recorded for the collection.


Acknowledgement and citation

To refer to any data from the collection, please cite as follows:

Jukes, Anthony. 2010. Documentation of Toratán (Ratahan). Endangered Languages Archive. Handle: Accessed on [insert date here].

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