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Documentation of Toratán (Ratahan)

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Language Ratahan
Depositor Anthony Jukes
Affiliation SOAS
Location Indonesia
Deposit ID 0049
Grant ID IPF0087
Funding Body ELDP
Collection Status Collection online
Landing Page Handle


Summary of the deposit

This deposit consists of audio and video recordings of speakers of Toratán (Ratahan), spoken in North Sulawesi, Indonesia, resulting from fieldwork conducted between June 2005 and September 2007.


Group represented



Language information

Toratán, Bentenan, Pasan


Deposit contents

The deposit comprises over 120 audio and video files, as well as transcriptions of many of the recordings in the form of ELAN files.

Genres include personal history, elicitation, folk tales, and free conversation.


Other information

Toratán (Ratahan, also known as Pasan and Bentenan) is an isolated member of the Sangiric family. It is spoken fluently by only a few hundred people, all of advanced age. The language is giving way to Manado Malay and the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. Eight speakers of the Wioi and Wongkai dialects were recorded for the deposit.


Acknowledgement and citation

To refer to any data from the collection, please cite as follows:

Jukes, Anthony. 2010. Documentation of Toratán (Ratahan). Endangered Languages Archive. Handle: Accessed on [insert date here].

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